Rice Farming -Bali
A farmer poses for a photo on his way to make an offering, just before the rice harvest, in Bali, Indonesia.
For more than half of humanity, rice is life. It is the grain that has shaped the cultures, diets, and economies of billions of people in Asia. In Bali, Indonesia, it has even shaped the topography of the island. Here much of the rice production is by small-scale farmers aided by the complex, cooperative water management system of terraces, canals and weirs focused on the water temples, known as Subak, that dates back to the 9th century. Bali and East Java together contribute 22% of rice production in Indonesia.
For such a water intensive crop drought is the number weather-related issue that could harm paddy production. And signs of decline in production have already been seen in Bali. A soil and climate suitability assessment for rice paddy production shows the land’s suitability for rice production has decreased by 20% in the past 20 years because of a decrease in precipitation according to a 2014 study by Takeshi Takama et al. of the Stockholm Environment Institute.
More broadly, increasing temperatures are linked to declining rice yields and according to the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), rice yields drop as much as 10% for every 1% rise in temperature. And rising sea levels also cause saltwater to seep into water sources and agricultural lands in affecting rice production, a study of the Asian Development Bank found.